For Periodontal Disease
Dental surgery treatments for gum disease
aim to replace these tissues
around your teeth
Advanced gum disease or periodontitis can require dental surgery to correct it because this condition can destroy the tissues around your teeth. Dental surgery treatments for gum disease aim to replace these tissues, and possible treatments include:
- Flap surgery or pocket reduction surgery
- Gum grafting
- Bone grafting
- Guided tissue regeneration
Periodontal disease affects 80% of American adults. Regular screenings and oral hygiene regimens can help to control it.
What is Flap or Pocket Reduction Surgery?
Advanced periodontitis causes gum recession, creating deep spaces or periodontal pockets between the tooth and gum and which are tricky to clean. These pockets harbor bacteria and can hasten the progression of periodontitis. While scaling and root planing can clean quite deep periodontal pockets created by periodontitis, this treatment may not be sufficient to clean out deeper pockets.
During flap surgery, a tiny incision is created in your gum tissue, exposing the tooth roots for more effective scaling and root planing, and removing more bacteria and toxins.
Periodontitis can cause bone loss, so during this treatment, your dentist may recontour the underlying bone before stitching the gum back in place. This treatment is very effective, and as your gums heal, they become stronger, fit more tightly around your teeth, and are easier to keep clean.
What is Gum Grafting?
Advanced periodontal disease causes gum recession, exposing tooth roots. While exposed tooth roots can look unsightly, they are also more likely to become decayed.
Gum grafting is a technique where we take oral tissue is taken from another site in your mouth, sometimes from another gum or the roof of your mouth, and graft it into place. As the gum heals, it covers the exposed tooth root giving a more pleasing appearance and preventing further gum recession, so this may be considered a form of cosmetic dental surgery that provides oral health benefits.
What is Bone Grafting?
Periodontitis can destroy the bone around teeth; replacing this lost bone helps to stabilize affected teeth. Bone grafting can use synthetic, donor bone, or bone harvested from another site in your body. The bone graft creates a scaffold or platform which encourages the regrowth of natural bone.
What is Guided Tissue Regeneration?
Guided tissue regeneration is another treatment that can help bone loss and is where a special matrix of biocompatible material is placed between your bone and tooth, allowing bone to grow back in the correct area. The idea is that the material prevents unwanted gum tissue from growing in this area while encouraging new bone growth.
When Would I Need Emergency Dental Surgery?
You may need emergency dental surgery if you have a severe gum infection such as a gum abscess that is causing significant pain and swelling. If a gum infection causes fever, it will require emergency dental surgery to drain the abscess quickly.
Treatment is often combined with antibiotics to control and eliminate the infection. Without emergency dental care, there is a possibility that a gum abscess or dental abscess could become life-threatening.
Our periodontists here at Gentle Dental can discuss all the dental surgery options for periodontal disease suitable for your situation. For more information about the dental surgery in Queens, contact Gentle Dental at (718) 461-0100.